Endometriosis can cause mild to severe pain during the menstrual period, called “dysmenorrhea,” and can lead to infertility. Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue grows in areas other than the uterus, some of which can be visualized by transvaginal ultrasound.
The severity of the disease can be confirmed by looking inside the body during a laparoscopy. There may be new testing on the horizon to determine if you may have endometriosis. Currently, the diagnosis of endometriosis is best made surgically, although sometimes clinical symptoms or ultrasound signs can be quite helpful in suggesting the presence of endometriosis and growth factors and cytokines that can impact the developing egg and embryo.